A lot of social networking sites like Facebook , twitter , etc have started creating awareness about how gender discrimination is harmful for our society and the measures that should be taken for eradicating it from our society. Social networking sites can only influence and inspire people to change but we think that its the people who need to change. The problem of gender discrimination is structural. The people practicing it need to realize their mistake and change accordingly. Creating awareness about this is very necessary and each individual should try and make a change whenever and wherever she/he can. If we want the society to change , first we ourselves need to change. So lets take an oath that we all will take try our best to make a difference.
Tuesday, 18 March 2014
Police records in India show a high incidence of crimes against women. The National Crime Records Bureau reported in 1998 that by 2010 growth in the rate of crimes against women would exceed the population growth rate. Earlier, many crimes against women were not reported to police due to the social stigma attached to rape and molestation.
1. Acid Throwing
A Thomas Reuters Foundation survey says that India is the fourth most dangerous place in the world for women to live in.Women belonging to any class, caste, creed or religion can be victims of this cruel form of violence. In India, acid attacks on women who dared to refuse a man's proposal of marriage or asked for a divorce are a form of revenge. Acid is cheap, easily available, and the quickest way to destroy a woman's life. The number of acid attacks have been rising.
2. Child marriage
Child marriage has been traditionally prevalent in India and continues to this day. Historically, child brides would live with their parents until they reached puberty. In the past, child widows were condemned to a life of great agony, shaved heads, living in isolation, and being shunned by society. Although child marriage was outlawed in 1860, it is still a common practice.
3. Female Infanticide and Sex-Selective abortion
In India, the male-female sex ratio is skewed dramatically in favor of males, the chief reason being the high number of females who die before reaching adulthood. Tribal societies in India have a less skewed sex ratio than other caste groups. This is in spite of the fact that tribal communities have far lower income levels, lower literacy rates, and less adequate health facilities. Many experts suggest the higher number of males in India can be attributed to female infanticides and sex-selective abortions.
Rape in India has been described by Radha Kumar as one of India's most common crimes against women and by the UN's human-rights chief as a “national problem”. Until 1983, the criminal law act stated that "sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under fifteen years of age is not rape". Marital rape is still not a criminal offence.In developed countries, a new case is reported every 20 minutes. New Delhi has the highest rate of rape-reports among Indian cities. Sources show that rape cases in India have doubled between 1990 and 2008. According to the National Crime Records Bureau, 24,206 rape cases were registered in India in 2011, although experts agree that the cases of unreported sexual cases is higher.
Men are the main source of income of a family.They are always highly preferred than women for job opportunities.Nature does not distinguish between any gender ,why does the society? Can a woman not lead the family? Is she not equivalent to a man?Then why do we differ? Females are considered as a weaker sex.They have no outlet for their aggression.But the society should never forget that 'It is the MOTHER who gives birth to a son.'
National data collection agencies accept that statistics seriously understate women's contribution as workers. However, there are far fewer women than men in the paid workforce. In urban India, women participate in the workforce in impressive numbers. For example, in the software industry 30% of the workforce is female.
Literacy is a characteristic of a developed society.Though it is gradually increasing, the female literacy rate in India is less than the male literacy rate.Far fewer girls than boys are enrolled in school, and many girls drop out.In urban India, girls are nearly on a par with boys in terms of education. However, in rural India girls continue to be less well-educated than boys. According to the National Sample Survey Data of 1997, only the states of Kerala and Mizoram have approached universal female literacy.
Dowry deaths are deaths of young women who are murdered or driven to suicide by continuous harassment and torture by husbands and in-laws in an effort to extract an increased dowry.
Dowry death is considered one of the many categories of violence against women, alongside rape,bride burning,eve teasing and acid throwing. It is widespread in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and some regions of Africa. Pakistan has the highest reported rates of dowry-related deaths of women in the world.
Sex ratio is the ratio of number of females per thousand males.Sex ratio is a good indicator of social status.Where women have a better social status and the difference between number of males and females is less, the ratio is found to be close to thousand.Why is infanticide practiced in India?Why preference for a son?
Population is a natural resource.In case of population Maharashtra ranks 2nd in India.According to 2011 census,Maharashtra has a population of 11,23,72,972 of which 51.9% are male and 48.1% are female.